The Bayesian approach shall serve us in this respect: which are the advantages and drawbacks of such a model, mainly with regard to a better understanding for stochastics education? This question refers to two different aspects: to both the exemplary use of such an approach in instruction, and to the benefits and more comprehensive knowledge resulting in principle from such a didactical way of phrasing the question. Accordingly, and from an educational perspective, this is not simply a matter of deciding whether the Bayesian approach is right or wrong - i.e. of contributing to the controversy about the subjective and the objective concept of probability - but rather this debate is intended to help us obtain new insights into the relationship between probability theory and statistics which are not confined to stating either a strict separation, or an identity, between probability theory and statistics.