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• **Introduction to hypothesis testing -- The z-test

This exercise will help the user understand the logic and procedures of hypothesis testing. To make best use of this exercise, the user should know how to use a z table to find probabilities on a normal distribution, and how to calculate the standard error of a mean. Relevant review materials are available from the links provided. The user will need a copy of the hypothesis testing exercise (link is provided), a table for the standardized normal distribution (z), and a calculator. The user will be asked several questions and will be given feedback regarding their answers. Detailed solutions are provided, but users should try to answer the questions on their own before consulting the detailed solutions. The end of the tutorial contains some "thought" questions.
• Confidence Intervals & Hypothesis Testing

This site explains the relationship between hypothesis testing and confidence intervals.
• Interpreting Statistical p-values

This page discusses the understanding of and interpretation of p-values for those who read articles with statistical information.
• Significance Level

This resource briefly explains what a significance level is and how they are used in hypothesis testing. It also includes other links related to significance level such as "Type I error" and "significance test".
• Statistical Significance

This article may help the user understand the concept of statistical significance and the meaning of the numbers produced by The Survey System. This article is presented in two parts. The first part simplifies the concept of statistical significance as much as possible; so that non-technical readers can use the concept to help make decisions based on their data. The second part provides more technical readers with a fuller discussion of the exact meaning of statistical significance numbers.
• Stats: Sample Size Determination

This resource provides the user with a formula for obtaining sample sizes of a mean and proportion.
• Confidence Intervals

This resource assists the user in reading, constructing, and understanding confidence intervals.
• M and M Applet

Students can sample numerous bags of M&Ms. A plot of the relative frequency of each color is continually updated above the sampling frame. Each sample bag of M&Ms contains 56 candies.
• Family Applet 1

This applet simulates families of three children. The probability of having a boy on any attempt can be changed in the parameter statement. The percantage of times "x" number of girls occurs is updated in the bar chart. There is a 2nd applet on the page that is the same as above, but the families stop having children after the first boy or after they have had 3 girls.
• Law of Large Numbers (Chapter 8)

Part of an online statistics textbook. Topics include: (1) Law of Large Numbers for Discrete Random Variables, (2) Chebyshev Inequality, (3) Law of Averages, (4) Law of Large Numbers for Continuous Random Variables, (5) Monte Carlo Method. There are several examples and exercises that accompany the material.