# Resource Library

#### Statistical Topic

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• ### Age-Structured Population Growth Applet

This applet allows you to manipulate the starting population, age-class survival rates, and age-class fecundity rates over 10 generations for up to 6 age classes. The default gives you the same population size for each age class as well as the same fecundity rate and survival rates. Move the sliders for each age class to manipulate each of these factors. You will see the relative proportions of each age class will change over time, but will eventually reach a stable age distribution.
• ### Variance and standard deviation

This source defines and explains variance and standard deviation.
• ### The One-Sample t Test

This section on Common Statistical Tests uses an example on faculty publications to show users how to perform a one-sample t test. The discussion includes one-tailed and two-tailed tests.
• ### Hypothesis Testing for a Proportion and Small Samples

This site explains small sample hypothesis testing for a normal population and hypothesis testing for a population proportion. Includes examples and exercises.
• ### Log-likelihood ratio

This site offers an involved definition of the likelihood ratio test with examples and formulas.
• ### Kruskal-Wallis "Analysis of Variance" by Ranks

Explains how to set up the Kruskal-Wallis test and gives the formula for the test statistic.
• ### T Demonstration

By changing the number of degrees of freedom in a t-distribution, students can see how the pdf changes. They also have the option of overlayng the standard normal curve so that they can see the convergence.
• ### Simple Linear Regression

This tutorial on Simple Linear Regression includes its definition, assumptions, and characteristics as well as related statistics and hypothesis test procedures. One section instructs users to perform simple linear regression in the WINKS software, but those without the software can still use the tutorial. An exercise is given at the end that can be done with any statistical software package.
• ### Single Sample t-test

This tutorial on the One Sample t test includes its definition, assumptions, hypotheses, and results. An example using output from the WINKS software is given, but those without the software can still use the tutorial. An exercise is given at the end that can be done with any statistical software package.
• ### Chi Square Tests

The eighth chapter of an online Introduction to Biostatistics course. Lecture notes are provided. Additionally, links for additional reading and exercises with solutions are provided.