The online "Engineering Statistics Handbook" provides a section (4.6 Case Studies in Process Modeling) using detailed realistic examples from physical science and engineering applications. Examples in Load Cell Calibration, Alaska Pipeline Ultrasonic Calibration, Ultrasonic Reference Block Study, and Thermal Expansion of Copper Case Study are presented in a step-by-step manner.
This site provides case studies which cover subject areas including: analysis of variance, boxplots, confidence intervals, contrast among means, correlated t-test, correlation, histograms, independent groups t-test, regression, repeated measures ANOVA, and t-tests.
This case study explores statistics on divorce rates using Markov chains. Two closely related statistics are presented: the chance of divorcing in a given year and the chance of divorcing over the lifetime of a marriage. Accompanying teacher instructions are found at http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/projects/cases/markov/markov_notes.html
This article gives a description of typical sources of error in public opinion polls. It gives a short but insightful explanation of what the margin of error indicates as well as other common errors in opinion polls.
This article may help the user understand the concept of statistical significance and the meaning of the numbers produced by The Survey System. This article is presented in two parts. The first part simplifies the concept of statistical significance as much as possible; so that non-technical readers can use the concept to help make decisions based on their data. The second part provides more technical readers with a fuller discussion of the exact meaning of statistical significance numbers.