# Resource Library

#### Statistical Topic

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• ### StatPrimer

This is a collection of notes that covers many topics typically included in introductory and/or intermediate statistics courses. The notes are in PDF format, and each is followed by a set of exercises (with most answers included). The site also includes some tables and a link to a StatTable calculator.
• ### **CETL Reusable Learning Objects: Probability

This is a collection of cases to demonstrate concepts of inferential statistics. Many materials are flash based, which is specifically interesting for young and beginning learners. This resource provides a simple introduction to probability and to Type I and II errors.
• ### Virtual Statistician

Descriptions, examples, and online calculators for a variety of statistical concepts. Includes One-Way Anova, Tukey's Post Hoc Test, and much, much more.
• ### Song: I'd Like to Teach the World to Think

I'd Like to Teach the World to Think is a parody of the 1971 hit single "I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing (in perfect harmony)" by the New Seekers. The music for the song was also made famous in a series of Coca-Cola advertisements that have run for decades. The parody may be used in teaching the value of collecting data, especially to improve reliability and the need to assume the null hypothesis is true in carrying out a significance test. Lyrics by Dennis Pearl (The Ohio State University) with assistance from Lawrence Mark Lesser (University of Texas at El Paso). Musical accompaniment realization and vocals are by Joshua Lintz from University of Texas at El Paso.
• ### Hans Rosling TED Talk

In this video (which lasts almost 20 minutes), statistics guru Hans Rosling debunks myths about the so-called "developing world."
• ### Quote: Maxwell on Probability

The true logic of this world is the calculus of probabilities. This is a quote of Scottish physicist and mathematician James Clerk Maxwell (1831 - 1879). The quote is found on page 197 in volume 1 of "The Scientific Letters and Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, (James Clerk Maxwell and Peter Michael Harman, ed.)".
• ### Quote: Reasoner on Statistics

Statistics are to baseball what a flaky crust is to Mom's apple pie. is a quote by American television journalist Harry Reasoner (1923 - 1991). The quote was said in a story on the news magazine show, "60 minutes."
• ### Quote: Canning on Proof

I can prove anything by statistics except the truth is a quote by British politician George Canning (1770 - 1827). The quote is found on page 587 of the 1908 book "Dictionary of Thoughts" edited by Tryon Edwards. The quote may be used to illustrate the idea that statistical inference is often geared toward demonstrating what is unlikely to be true rather than proving what is true.
• ### Webinar: Foundations in Probability to Support Statistical Reasoning

February 9, 2010 T&L webinar presented by Hollylynne Lee (North Carolina State University) and Todd Lee (Elon University), and hosted by Jackie Miller (The Ohio State University). A model for probabilistic reasoning will be discussed that may support students' statistical reasoning. The development of the model and instructional implications are based on theoretical considerations and empirical results from work with middle grades students. Significant time for discussion is planned to get reactions to the model as well as to discuss aspects of probability that participants believe are foundational to building statistical literacy or reasoning.
• ### **Monty Hall Paradox

This java applet provides students with opportunities to visualize the Monty Hall paradox (i.e., the famous "three-door" problem often discussed in introductory statistics courses). By going through the simulation and reading the accompanying materials, students can better understand concepts related to probability, and they can also see the need to gather data in order to test theories about what might happen under particular conditions (especially since the outcome of the Monty Hall problem tends to contradict students' initial intuitions).