# Resource Library

#### Statistical Topic

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• ### Teaching Statistics with Data of Historic Significance: Galileo's Gravity and Motion Experiments

This article describes Galileo's data on falling bodies and projectiles and its use as an aid in teaching polynomial and nonlinear regression. Key Words: Independent and dependent variables; Graphical analysis.
• ### Dataset Example: Investigating Home Court Advantage

This article presents data from 1997 Big Ten Conference men's basketball games involving the University of Iowa Hawkeyes. The data can be used to demonstrate bivariate statistical inference techniques such as confidence regions, paired comparisons, and simultaneous confidence intervals. Key Word: Bivariate data; Scatterplot.
• ### Dataset Example: Trying To Be Random in Selecting Numbers for Lotto

This article presents data for examining the ability of individuals to choose numbers randomly. Three datasets of six-tuples selected by a lottery game, generated by S-Plus, and chosen by college students can be compared using descriptive statistics and goodness of fit tests to explore bias and randomness. Key Words: Boxplots; Chi-squared tests; Minimum gap; QQ plots.
• ### Data Collection: NFL Scores and Pointspreads

The datasets described in this article contain information for all National Football League (NFL)regular season and playoff games played from 1993 to 1996. In addition to game scores, the data give oddsmakers' pointspreads and over/under values for each game. Key Words: Predictions; Wagering.
• ### Dataset Example: What Does It Take to Heat a New Room? Estimating Utility Demand in a Home

This article describes a dataset containing energy use data for single-family homes and monthly weather data in the Boston area over a seven year period. The data can help illustrate concepts like central tendency, dispersion, time series analysis, correlation, simple and multiple regression, and variable transformations. Key Words: measurement; forecasting.
• ### Data Collection: Data Matters with Excel: Estimating Population Variance

This activity uses Microsoft Excel to estimate the population variance of grouped data two ways: the variance within a group and the variance between groups. This activity accompanies Section 7.3 of Data Matters.
• ### Data Collection: Quantitative Environmental Learning Project

This site provides numerous datasets for graphical display topics including linear, exponential, logistic, power rule, periodic, and other bivariate scatterplots, histograms, and other univariate data. Each data set is accompanied with a description, file format options, and a sample graph.
• ### Statistics and Probability Concepts

This is a collection of activities as Java applets that can be used to explore probability and statistics. Each activity is supplemented with background information, activity instructions, and a curriculum for the activity.
• ### Random Babies Activity

This worksheet activity teaches random sampling and theoretical probabilities by simulating the effects of randomly assigning newborn babies to their mothers. Students will perform trials and keep track of results, then use the information to deduce properties of random sampling. The relation website is an applet that simulates the process automatically.
• ### Random Babies Applet

This applet simulates randomly assigning newborn babies to families and measures the number of matches, or instances when a baby is assigned to its real family. The applet keeps track of each trial and records the information in a histogram. The idea is to teach theoretical values associated with random sampling. The relation website is a worksheet activity to accompany the applet.