The process of statistical investigation may be conceptualized as having four components: Posing the question, collecting the data, analyzing the data, and interpreting the data. Graphical representations of data are a critical part of the analysis phase, since the use of different representations communicates information in different ways. This chapter discusses instructional strategies for moving between three different pairs of representations: bar graphs showing ungrouped data and standard bar graphs, line plots and bar graphs, and stem-and-leaf plots and histograms. These strategies are designed to optimize the accuracy of interpretations and avoid common pitfalls in making sense of the data; the strategies focus on reading rather than on making the representations themselves. Students' attempts to make the translations between representations are discussed within the framework of the instructional suggestions.
- Prof Dev